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Excellent Tips for Dog Track Success

Tracking is a technique whereby dogs are trained to track objects using the objects scent. Dog track is an essential skill for dogs. It enables them to survive in the wild by hunting down and tracking potential prey.

A dog track is a vital possession, not only for individuals but institutions as well.

Dogs have a higher sense of smell than human beings. They can distinguish different human scents. They are also able to follow an object using their visual cues. It is an innate capacity.

Stages of Tracking:

There are three phases that the tracking dog goes through when searching for an object:

Searching Phase: In this phase, the dog takes quick, short sniffs in search for the track. They move very fast.

Deciding Phase: Here, the dog is done with finding the object. It is a stage where they decide the direction the track is taking. They take slower, longer sniffs and move more slowly. It is usually the difficult tracking step for the dog.

Tracking Phase: After deciding on the track direction, the dog takes slower more uniform sniffs. It moves at a phase that is similar to the one it uses in searching.

  • Every tracking stage requires that the trainer or the dog owner can read the dog’s body language.
  • Factors that influence the tracking abilities of a dog:

Factors that influence the tracking abilities of a dog

Physiological factors: Factors such as age and sex influence the tracking abilities of a dog. When a dog grows older, its olfactory abilities decrease. Male dogs also have a higher olfactory capacity than the female dog. The basis of this is the design of the male and female olfactory systems.

Sniffing habits: How a dog breathes in and out also affect its tracking capacity. When a dog is breathing at a high frequency, it is physically impossible for it to sniff. The fatigue that accompanies it also hinders the ability for the dog to track down an object. Dogs are trained to maximize their sniffing frequency to increase their olfaction capacity.

Dog breed: Different dog races have different sniffing abilities. Therefore, the ability for a dog to track down an object is influenced by its breed. When choosing a tracking dog, it is vital to understand each breed with its different capacities and choose accordingly.

Cross-examination of scents: The combination of various scents from the object the dog is tracking can influence how quickly the dog traces the object. It will be easier for a dog to track down precise scents as opposed to mixed scents.

Range from the trail: The distance from the object of the search is also a factor. A trail that is close by will be easy to find as opposed to an object that is too far.

Health status: A healthy dog will automatically be able to track down an object as opposed to an ailing dog. Keeping the dog healthy and well-groomed will enhance its performance.

Tracking Device for Dogs

There are different tracking devices for dogs available in the market. When considering which device to pick for your dog, there are characteristics you will need for a proper appliance:

Durable: Ensure that the instrument will not wear out too soon. You will need a device that can manage all the unique environments and conditions your track dog experience. Go for a device that can handle frequent knocks without damages.

Waterproof: Your track dog might be forced to go through wet places, get rained on or dive into water bodies. Take a device that can handle water without getting destroyed.

Wide Range: Go for a device that can allow your track dog to cover a broad range without losing your ability to know its whereabouts. Take a device that does not limit you.

Attachment design: You will need a tool that is easy to attach to the neck of your dog. The device should not cause discomfort to the dog. You will need your dog as comfortable as possible. You also do not want to experience distraction when your dog is busy tracking down an object.

Dog Tracking Systems

There are different dog tracking systems.

GPS Dog Tracking: These systems use GPS technology

• Radio Telemetry Tracking System: These are the systems that use radio frequency to exchange signals.

• Bells: The systems use sounds to communicate to the tracking dog.

• Lights: Different shade signals pass different messages

• Beepers: The system uses beeping method to deliver information.

• Flags: Flags are used to indicate the tracking dog

• Tail Covers: The method of tail covers passes the different intended messages.

Garmin Dog Tracking System

The Garmin Dog Tracking System original design was for catering for hunt dogs. However, this has been modified to serve different dog tracking needs.

Dog Tracking

Key Features:

Hardware Features:

• Completely rubberized outer coating which an over molding.

• Improved rubber around the antenna.

• 1.7 Gigs on board memory

• Long Range Flex antenna

• A battery cap that features the Garmin “backbone” design

• Power button

• Improved keypad

Software Features:

• 3-axis compass

• New dog set up menu

• Universal dog settings

• Dem base map that is universal

• It is backward compatible with all DC 20, 30 and 40 collars

Map Customization:

• You can choose to view complete, partial or no trail history.

• You can show or hide dog status on the map screen.

• You can show or hide dog distance on the map screens

• You can show or hide the dog names on the map screens

• You can zoom to map dogs

• Power button control screens are available.

• Dog alerts which include tone only, vibration or sound and vibration are available.

• Wireless sharing: You have the option of sharing the dog info with 320 other handheld units

• Birds View: You can import satellite imagery.

The Garmin dog track system has three different versions:

• Garmin Astro 320 Combo: It has LED added lights for better visibility in low light conditions.

• Garmin Multi Dog System: All you need for this is as many T5 dog collars as you need.

• Garmin Astro 320 Handheld Only: This works with the T5 Dog GPS, which one buys separately. It also works well with the older DC-50. DC-40, DC-30 and DC-20 Dog units.

How the Garmin Dog Tracking System works:

The system consists of two components; a Handheld GPS unit which looks like a walkie-talkie and a Dog GPS Unit. These two units communicate through radio frequencies.

The Dog GPS detects the location of the dog, whether it is still or moving. Every five minutes, it sends that information to the handheld unit.

The handheld unit then plots the exact location of the dog. It shows this information on a map screen. It shows the distance and whether the dog is moving or on point.

The map screen on your handheld device then shows your dog’s location and the path it has hunted.

The compass screen shows where your position is, the dog’s distance and the direction it has taken. The screen is ideal for multiple dogs. It shows up to 10 dogs on one handheld GPS system. All you need for this is extra T5 Dog GPS collars.

Importance of dog tracking skills:

• Police dogs: The police officers will use the dog tracking skills of their workforce. The police track dogs are used to trace live or dead individuals, recovering evidence from a crime scene, discovering explosive objects, drugs and in various investigations.

Search missions: Dog tracking skills are useful in rescuing people who could be waiting for rescue in avalanches or disaster zones.

Hunting: The power is helpful in tracing animals that have been shot down by hunters.

Sports: The skill can be useful to have healthy tracking competition to determine the animals tracking skills and to have fun. It enables both the tracking dog and the owner to have a good time together.

Tracking Dog

We do not train a dog to track. A tracking dog is trained to follow our scent of choice. Examples of these scents include; dead skin and crushed vegetation which leaves residue on our shoes. We then prepare ourselves to understand the body language of the dog. For example, the posture a tracking dog takes sends the signal to the human being. We learn to work then as a team. The teamwork will be vital in successfully tracing a track.

As long as tracking is concerned, the tracking dog becomes the leader. The ability for the dog to work against all odds is commendable. Its innate ability is still active in spite wind velocity, change in temperature, ground moisture, humidity and differences in barometric pressure.

The dog naturally detects smells and can differentiate them. It can quickly and accurately tell the difference between a new and an older smell. The ability to distinguish such smells then enables the dog to choose the direction it will take.


Tracking requires dedication and patience. However, the results are such a reward both physically and emotionally. It gives the dog and the man the chance to work out as a team and as the best of friends, they are meant to be.

It will be an important habit to give your dog a treat after a successful search. It is part of enhancing better teamwork.

About the Author Paul

Hey, I'm Paul and I LOVE Pet. Coming from a vet background,I have decided to start an Authority site to teach you all you need to know about pets.

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